Hebrews. Summarized.

Posted: November 27, 2014 in Ma-Papel (Paperworks), Theology
Tags: , , ,

The book of Hebrews emphasizes on the superiority of Christianity over Judaism and the superiority of the once-and-for-all sacrifice of Christ over the repeated and imperfect Levitical sacrifices observed in the temple. The whole idea of the book is that God has already provided a perfect priest and sacrifice, that is Jesus Christ. God is someone who is accessible (Heb. 4:16), that we can come to Him with confidence. He is also glorious, sustaining all things by his word (Heb. 1:3). Another character of God in Hebrews is that He is loving (Heb. 12:6) to a point that He disciplines us. God is also a promise keeper (Heb. 4:1) as He himself made the covenant with the patriarch Abraham, as well as to us. While those are good news to us about God, we must not forget that He is also wrathful (Heb. 3:16-19), that there is a penalty (or punishment) for sinners. We must not ignore his holiness as He is also described as a consuming fire (Heb. 12:29).

The outline of the book can be divided into five. First, it talks about the Superiority of Jesus Christ’s position (Heb. 1:1-4:13), in which Jesus Christ is a better name, that He is better than the angels and Moses, and better than anyone else. Second, it talks about the superiority of Jesus Christ’s priesthood (Heb. 4:14-7:28), as He is our high priest, better than Aaron’s priesthood and in line with Melchizedek’s priesthood (who, by the way, isn’t a Jew). Third, the book talks about the superiority of Jesus Christ’s priestly ministry that it is through a better covenant (compared to the Old Covenant which proved we can’t really save ourselves), and that His sacrifice is better than the blood offering of animals. Fourth, the book talks about the Believer’s priviledges, that we are saved by faith and the book gives examples of men who lived by faith. Lastly, the book talks about the superiority of a believer’s behavior in relation to others, to ourselves and to God.

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